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What Causes Gum Disease?

bloody toothbrush

Periodontal disease is characterized by inflammation and infection inside the gums. Gum disease typically arises due to poor oral hygiene and neglectful oral health habits. For example, when plaque is left on the teeth for an extended period of time, it hardens into tartar and irritates the gums.

Keep reading to learn more about gum disease and how to prevent it.

Common Causes of Gum Disease

Wondering what causes gum disease? Here are some of the most common contributing factors:

  • Poor Oral Hygiene
  • Infrequent Professional Teeth Cleanings
  • Misaligned Teeth
  • Nutritional Deficiencies
  • Some Medications
  • Tobacco Usage

What Happens If Gum Disease Is Left Untreated?

In its early stages, gum disease is referred to as gingivitis and is highly treatable. As it progresses, its effects become harder to reverse. When left untreated, gum disease can contribute to:

  • Cardiovascular Issues
  • Halitosis
  • Jawbone Degradation
  • Painful Sores
  • Persistent Bleeding of Gums
  • Receding Gumline
  • Swollen Gums & Face
  • Tooth Loss

Gum Disease Treatment

For mild cases of gum disease, a scaling and root planing treatment can help remove infection and preserve oral health. Scaling and root planing is essentially a very thorough deep cleaning of the teeth and gums. Its purpose is to completely remove plaque and debris contributing to the infection. Medication delivered via our comfortable Perio Protect tray system can also be used to combat infection. For more advanced stages of gum disease, laser gum therapy can remove diseased portions of the gums and help promote gum regrowth and regeneration.

How to Prevent Gum Disease

The best way to prevent gum disease is to gently brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes each session and floss daily. You should also visit CarolinasDentist at least twice a year for cleanings and exams. Our team will check that there is no plaque buildup or hidden debris accumulating in your mouth that could irritate your gums. We also recommend stopping tobacco usage completely, eating a balanced diet with minimal sugar, and drinking plenty of water.

Improve Your Oral Health at CarolinasDentist!

Are you overdue for your biannual cleaning and exam? At CarolinasDentist, our team is here to help patients maintain healthy teeth and gums! Please contact us today to book your next visit.


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