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Why Does Enamel Come Off Teeth?

Did you know that enamel, the outermost layer of your teeth, is the hardest substance in the human body?  Unfortunately, that doesn’t mean it’s invincible. Sometimes enamel begins to erode over time, leaving the inner layers of your teeth more exposed to outside factors that can cause sensitivity or decay. Here are some causes of enamel loss.

High Levels of Acid

Acid is the number one culprit when it comes to enamel loss. Citrus fruits and carbonated soda or water contain high levels of acid that can wear away enamel if consumed too frequently. It’s best to reduce your intake or consolidate with meal times. If you suffer from acid reflux, that can also contribute to enamel erosion over time.


Indulging in sugary snacks can also spell trouble for your teeth. Decay-causing bacteria thrive on the sugar found in your favorite cookies or soda. This bacteria produces acid that eats away at your enamel, so cut back on the sweets to protect your smile. Every time you eat or drink something sugary, your mouth enters an acidic zone for 30 minutes.


If you suffer from bruxism, also known as grinding your teeth or clenching your jaw, you may notice some changes in your teeth, including enamel loss. The motion of your teeth rubbing against each other can weaken the outer layer of your teeth. Contact us to invest in a custom-made nightguard to minimize the effects of bruxism.

Low Levels of Saliva

Saliva is often overlooked as a key part of your oral health, but it plays an important role in washing away food debris, neutralizing plaque, and remineralizing your teeth. Unfortunately, many medications cause dry mouth, or xerostomia. When your mouth gets too dry, your teeth lose this protection and become vulnerable to enamel erosion. Stay well hydrated to promote saliva production. Mouth rinses such as Biotene may help.

Visit Your Local CarolinasDentist Office

One of the best things you can do to maintain your tooth enamel is to establish healthy dental habits, like regularly visiting your CarolinasDentist office. Getting routine cleanings twice a year will help stave off enamel erosion, and we will be happy to recommend additional tips on how best to preserve your smile. Schedule an appointment today!

Image from Authority Dental under CC 2.0

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